Northeast Arc Users Group

Spring Spatial Technologies Conference

Surveying the landscape of spatial technologies from ArcGIS to the Web


Monday, May 15, 2017, from 8:00 AM until 5:30 PM

University of Massachusetts Amherst  Lincoln Campus Center

Conference Map: 72° 31' 37.46" W, 42° 23' 29.57" N

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Preliminary

Conference Program

All DayESRI Collaboration Center
Lunch Birds-of-a-Feather Tables
Afterward NEArc User Group Forum
             
Sponsors:
Geocortex Logo
VHB Logo Neurisa Logo Tighe and Bond Logo
Sunday Pub Meetup
7:00 PM High Horse Brewing, 24 N. Pleasant St., Amherst, MA, just down the road from UMass.
       For those of you in town the night before the conference, please join a group of GIS locals and other attendees for conversation and good cheer.
Monday Registration & Refreshments
8:00 AM Campus Center 1st Floor
  Register online: $65 in advance — $75 after May 5 — Current Students: $35/$45 ($0 for students who Present or Volunteer, courtesy of NEURISA)

Warning: presentations in the same row are not necessarily at the same time.

9:00 – 10:15Session 1
 Campus Center Auditorium
 
Welcome
Keynote
 
Welcome and Opening Remarks
Pam Brangan, GISP
Chittenden County Regional Planning Commission
Niels la Cour
Campus Planning, University of Massachusetts Amherst

You Could Do This with Your Eyes Closed (… and You Should)
Dana Tomlin
University of Pennsylvania

Having managed to avoid real work for several decades now in favor of a hobby that’s been sustained by lots of students in lots of disciplines with lots of enthusiasm for geospatial thinking, I’m convinced that this enthusiasm has less to do with the particular nature of those disciplines than the general nature of that thinking. There’s just something about the right-hand side of the brain that can make its use as addictive as it is productive. By recognizing and responding to this in both the development and the application of our ever-evolving toys … I mean tools, those tools really can feel a bit more like toys and our work a bit more like a hobby. Let me give you some examples.

10:15 – 10:30 Refreshment Break and Poster Session
  Campus Center 1st Floor Concourse
10:30 – 12:00Session 2
 
GIS
Ecosystems
Education
Workshop: Data Integration
 Integrative Learning Center S120
     
✧ 10:30 AM
ArcGIS Pro: Desktop GIS Evolves
Mark Scott
Esri

ArcGIS Pro is the next generation of Desktop GIS from Esri, and is a cornerstone of a modern WebGIS implementation. In this session, an Esri Solutions Engineer will introduce the ribbon-based interface, and outline key components of ArcGIS Pro. Demonstrations will be drawn from topics such as editing, sharing, analyzing, and streamlining your work. This is the year you should test drive ArcGIS Pro!

Fluctuating Water Levels and Vegetation Dynamics in a Great Lakes Archipelago
Kim Diver
Tessa Hill
Ezra Steinfeld
Wesleyan University
Matt Kelly
Beloit College
Leah Bournival
Mount Holyoke College

In this paper, we use data from four field seasons spread over fifteen years to analyze the spatiotemporal interplay of water-level fluctuations, shoreline configuration, and vegetation dynamics affecting the forest communities on islands in the Georgian Bay (Lake Huron). Within a GIS, we analyzed vegetation surveys, forest characteristics, soil characteristics, and island morphology data to shed light on the applicability of the prevailing model of island biogeography in areas with fluctuating water levels. Results suggest that fluctuating water levels significantly alter island area and isolation in the study area. Obtaining accurate island sizes for a region with dynamic water levels is integral for understanding the degree of influence that island area has on plant species richness. Researchers studying islands with dynamic interannual water levels should obtain island areas for the time of field work, rather than existing information, since island area is a key variable in island biogeography theory.

Beyond Town and Gown: Undergraduate Geographic Research to Support City-College Partnerships
Chris Brehme
Chris Cusack
Keene State College
Will Schoefmann
City of Keene

Through a senior capstone course, Keene State College Geography Department faculty and students annually partner with City of Keene staff on planning, conservation, and recreation projects. More than 10 projects over 10 years have provided GIS and research skills for undergraduates, and valuable information for City initiatives. Armed with a toolbox of skills in GIS, statistics, data collection, and analysis, students have monitored and mapped City recreational resources, housing, and zoning issues, as well as critical conservation areas. Results are presented to the public via community forums and made available as in-depth illustrated reports on College and City websites. Professionals and residents throughout the community reference these resources for ongoing decision-making and planning processes. Future efforts will be made to formalize the partnership, standardize methods, and develop multi-year projects that geography students can regularly update and monitor. Web mapping and cloud-based data storage will be fundamental to maintaining this collaboration. ArcGIS Online applications will provide real-time outreach to the public, while giving students access to a broader range of relevant GIS skills.

Do More with Less. Getting Know Data Interoperability Extension for ArcGIS and FME Desktop
Alexander Stepanov
UMass Amherst
Niels la Cour
Umass Amherst

ESRI ArcGIS is a powerful geo-spatial platform which includes desktop, server, web and cloud components. In general, operations with data within the platform are straight forward due to common data formats and standards. In many cases however, users need to bring data from external sources/organizations and multiple formats such as CAD, BIM, Excel, Social Networks, XML, text-based formats into the ArcGIS environment. ArcGIS has a Data InterOperability extension, which allows users to build powerful ETL (extract-transform-load) and automation workflows. This software is also available as a stand-alone FME Desktop version. In this hands-on workshop, we will show practical examples of bringing data from/to CAD (utilities, architectural drawings), harvesting and processing CAD attributes, creating complex PDF reports and data maintenance automation workflows (bulk attribute renaming, remapping data schema, QAQC, merging multiple data sources, etc). The workshop targets users with some ArcGIS Desktop experience. Some experience with Model builder is useful. No programming experience is required. Tags: data collection, hands-on, ETL, data interoperability, data transformation, open platform/open-standards, 1.5 hr workshop.

✧ 11:00 AM
Using Time Series of Remotely Sensed Imagery to Model Land Cover Change in South America
Caroline Curtis
Valerie J. Pasquarella
Bethany A. Bradley
University of Massachusetts Amherst

In the southern hemisphere, non-native pines are established in plantations and have escaped and spread into the surrounding ecosystem, altering the ecosystem and threatening native species. Despite the potential risk from invasive populations, little is known about the current or historical extent of non-native pine or the land cover lost from conversion. The large spatial extent and high detectability of non-native pines provides a unique opportunity to apply remotely sensed data to quantify current land cover and model land cover change through time. I downloaded all high quality Landsat images for eight scenes in Chile. For each image, I created reference data based on historical aerial photos from Google Earth. I used time series models to quantify when land cover changes occurred and the Random Forest algorithm to classify images and create land cover maps. By modeling the time series of images, I am able to map the current and historical location of pines and identify the spatio-temporal patterns of pine dispersal and land cover change.

Blended Learning for GIS Instruction in a Liberal Arts Context
Scott Gilman
Jon Caris
Smith College

The Smith College Spatial Analysis Lab (SAL) faces a challenging situation teaching GIS at a liberal arts college with no Geography department and only one dedicated GIS class. The SAL supports faculty from dozens of departments to integrate GIS into their classes. Students in these classes have a wide range of GIS experience and different levels of digital literacy. Furthermore, faculty have limited class time for GIS instruction, and often prefer to spend time discussing how spatial analysis contributes to their discipline. Thus, opportunities for students to acquire technical skills needed to effectively use the software are quite limited.

To improve learning outcomes in this model, the SAL is developing a series of blended learning modules that will help students from all disciplines to learn GIS outside of class. In addition to video tutorials, Smith’s modules include interactive applets that demonstrate spatial analysis tools in a limited interface before introducing students to a more robust application, such as ArcGIS. The modules also include immediate assessment of concepts and tools. In this talk, we present the first blended learning module on introductory cartographic design, and feedback from testing it in classes and workshops from the past academic year.

✧ 11:30 AM
The Meaning of Meandering
Dana Tomlin
University of Pennsylvania

Consider the path that you’ve followed over the past week or so: the path from one spot to another in a given room, from one room to another in a given building, from one building to another in a given neighborhood, and so on. You get the idea. Now suppose that this path were to be recorded as a series of digital waypoints. The result would be a set of tracking data not unlike that which might be associated with the motion of an animal, a vehicle, a weather event, a crime spree, or even a wandering eye. So how might inferences be drawn from such patterns of movement over space and time? While ArcGIS can certainly be used to animate tracks, could it also be instructed to “see what you see” when you watch those animations? Could it distinguish meaningful places, for example, from transitions among those places? If so, then perhaps each place could be characterized in terms of things like duration and revisitation. But how can that be done when these places are inherently imprecise and emergent, coming into focus themselves only as a result of things like duration and revisitation? This presentation offers a straightforward decsription of recent efforts to address such questions with a newly developed ArcToolbox tool for spatiotemporal analysis.

The Assessment of the Impacts of Human Activities on the Hydro-environment of the Niger-Delta
Aperr Naadzenga
Farashahi Farshad
Thomas Ryan
Antioch University New England

Niger Delta is a very densely populated region of Southern Nigeria. The area was the British Oil Rivers Protectorate from 1885 until 1893, when it was expanded and became the Niger Coast Protectorate. The delta is a petroleum-rich region, and has been the center of international controversy over human activities. The study reveals that young Nigerians from the region have taken arms against the state and the multinational oil companies thus the petroleum exploration has grossly dwindled leading to downfall in net export of the product from the country. The situation has caused some of the following impacts: degradation of water quality; negatively impacted palm oil agriculture; the flow of water; and the loss of aquatic biodiversity throughout the study area. These environmental impacts apart from the economic downturn have affected not just the region but the surrounding communities, hence the research to document the most current environmental impacts; project future long-term impacts; develop presentation images, materials, maps to support constructive discussions between the various parties to develop a productive path forward.

Challenges in Structuring the GIS Curriculum
Forrest Bowlick
UMass - Amherst

Degrees in Geographic Information Science are more common, and more diverse in structure, than ever. With the wide range of applications of GIS, and the variant methods and approaches in teaching GIS, challenges emerge in defining adequate structures for the curriculum that balance the systems, science, and tool based applications of GIS. This lightning talk will outline these challenges and present questions to consider in curriculum construction and review.

12:00 – 1:15Lunch
 
1:15 – 2:45Session 3
 
Government
Hydrology
Educational Outreach
Workshop: Web Development
 Integrative Learning Center S120
     
✧ 1:15 PM
DDACTS: A Data Driven Approaches to Crime and Traffic Safety in York, Maine
Brett Horr
Town of York

The Town of York, Maine has employed the DDACTS law enforcement operational model to encourage the creation of hot spots mapping specific crime and traffic crash data to determine the most effective methods for deploying law enforcement and other resources. Drawing on the deterrent value of highly visible traffic enforcement and the knowledge that crime often involves motor vehicles, the goal of DDACTS is to reduce crime, crashes, and traffic violations. This presentation will introduce how and why the York Police Department has employed the DDACTS model, what the data revealed after it was mapped, how GIS and Automatic Vehicle Location (AVL) services and the ArcGIS Collector App have changed how the York Police Department operates.

Change Detection in Coastal Geomorphology Using LiDAR Data
David McKittrick
Blue Marble Geographics

Technology improvements over recent years have seen the cost of 3D point cloud data acquisition decrease and consequently the coverage and availability expand dramatically. Hardware miniaturization has given rise to on-demand data collection with UAVs taking the place of manned fixed-wing or rotary aircraft in the collection process. As a consequence, point cloud data is increasingly used as the raw material for precise measurement and visualization of change over time. Nowhere is this process more evident than in coastal areas where shifting patterns of erosion and deposition can have devastating effects on shoreline communities. In this this presentation, we will examine an area on the coast of the state of Maine that has been subject to significant beach erosion. Using point cloud data collected over a five-year time period, we will explore the procedure whereby the raw data can be processed to create precise bare-earth models and how the difference between these surfaces can be calculated and visually represented to show areas of significant erosion or deposition.

Mapping Afterschool in Vermont with Tableau Public and Mapbox
Erin Schwab
Vermont Afterschool, Inc

Vermont Afterschool works to expand, strengthen, and improve access to out-of-school time programming for children and youth in the state. To help fulfill our mission, we maintain a database of all afterschool and summer learning programs. Using the mapping capabilities available with Tableau Public, we were able to create an interactive Web map to display all such programs in the state. This talk will cover our process of using Tableau in conjunction with Mapbox geocoding services to create and maintain the map. Check out the map here.

Getting Started with Esri Leaflet
Patrick Hammons
Esri

The Leaflet open source JavaScript mapping library is one of the simplest and fastest way to create lightweight mapping web applications. Built around a small core library, Leaflet has developed a massive plugin ecosystem allowing developers to supplement Leaflet with additional functionality as they see fit. The Esri Leaflet plugin adds support for the kinds of web services many organizations use to share and serve their data. In this hands-on workshop, you will learn how to leverage Leaflet along with the Esri Leaflet plugin suite to create lightweight, modular mapping applications that take full advantage of widely available ArcGIS services.

✧ 1:45 PM
GIS Helps to Define Possible Stormwater Detention Sites in the Pocantico Watershed
Peggy Minnis
Pace University

Flooding along the Pocantico River, a small tributary to the Hudson has resulted in closed main roadways, property damage and other negative flood effects. The watershed committee wondered if Pace’s GIS class could help define where stormwater could be detained. The class developed maps to suggest where detention sites might work, using LiDAR from Westchester County, parcel data and site visits.

The Power of Online Maps for Outreach and Engagement in Cooperative Extension and Beyond
Shane Bradt
UNH Cooperative Extension

For over a century, maps have been a key part of Cooperative Extension’s in-person outreach and engagement efforts. When seeking to connect with an audience, Extension has long used maps as a starting point for discussions, a way to gather and share local knowledge, and a method to inform decisions on a range of issues. Online mapping, particularly the type offered by ArcGIS Online, Story Maps, and mobile data collection, presents an interactive, map-based approach for connecting to and with audiences in ways not possible a few short years ago. The patterns and potential of online mapping for outreach and engagement are relevant for organizations of all types, whether you are in Extension, education, non-profit, government or private industry. This presentation will examine some of the key approaches to the effective use of ArcGIS Online maps for outreach and engagement, while exploring examples of maps and related resources on the eXtenison geospatial technologies website (http://exgeospatial.org).

✧ 2:15 PM
Vision Zero Boston - Spatial Data Analysis
Youshe Li
Department of Innovation and Technology, City of Boston

Spatial statistical methods have been used to explore the question of what data should dictate the engineering focus of the Boston Transportation Department and to understand how well 311 Engineering Requests align with other data such as Traffic Crashes, Safety Concerns, and Waze Traffic Jams. Statistically, there are clusters on the maps for 311 Engineering Requests, Traffic Crashes, and Safety Concerns at a 95% confidence level, and the clusters for 311 Engineering Requests are spatially correlated / aligned with those for Traffic Crashes and Safety Concerns also at a 95% confidence level. The Kernel Density Estimator and Ripley’s K Function together indicate we would (very likely) continue to have more Traffic Crashes, more 311 Engineering Requests, and more Safety Concerns in these clustered areas in the future. Visit the City of Boston Web site for more details.

Using the ArcGIS Framework to Conduct Coastal Climate Change Vulnerability Assessments for Trustees of Reservations’ Properties
Brittany Hoffnagle
Joe Famely
Ted Wickwire
Woods Hole Group
Tom O’Shea
Vin Antil
Trustees of Reservation

Facing increasingly daunting projections for the potential impacts of climate change, coastal managers are seeking tools to help them prioritize investments in resiliency and develop strategic management plans. The Trustees of Reservations (TOR), which holds over 8,000 acres of publicly, historically and ecologically important properties along the Massachusetts coast, partnered with Woods Hole Group to conduct a Coastal Vulnerability Assessment (CVA). As a part of the CVA process, ArcGIS was used in the development of a Coastal Vulnerability Index (CVI) for each of the coastal TOR properties in Massachusetts. The CVI combines the probability of inundation (from a highly-resolved hydrodynamic model) with consequence of inundation scores (developed in collaboration with TOR managers) for all TOR assets (infrastructure, historical and ecological). The CVI facilitates ranking of the most susceptible assets on each property and across all properties, and provides a basis for TOR to prioritize resiliency and adaptation projects that ensure TOR’s ability to carry out its mission and use resources most efficiently. This presentation details the application of an ArcGIS workflow not only as a tool to assess and visualize vulnerability data, but also as a management framework to plan and prioritize coastal adaptation projects.

Bookmapping
Fran Hutton Lee
Town of Medway

Have you ever wanted to see the places in the book you are reading, travel down the highway, walk the city streets, enter the shops, see the museums and parks, or even trek around the craters of the moon with your literary heroes?

With Bookmapping, an application-driven mapping and information tool you can. Through the use of a variety of robust ESRI StoryMap applications maps can move and change with the action or location of the story, as well as provide a platform for links to images, videos, web links, or textual information on story details.

2:45 – 3:00 Refreshment Break and Poster Session
  Campus Center 1st Floor Concourse
3:00 – 4:30Session 4
 
Social Services
Data Collection
Application Development
Workshop: Analysis Online
 Integrative Learning Center S120
     
✧ 3:00 PM
Geospatial Development in Government Human and Social Service Programs
Sam Wear
Westchester County GIS

Sam Wear

Assistant Chief Information Officer (GIS)

Westchester County GIS

White Plains, New York

stw1@westchestergov.com

While recognizing the many geospatial technologies advancements made over the past 30 years, one area of local government which continues to see limited deployment in GIS applications is in human and social services. The reasons for the slow uptake are many, some of which are obvious and justifiable, but evolving opportunities for broadening GIS development in government social services programs are promising based on advancements in web mapping, vehicle and mobile technologies, increased data availability, and a growing understanding among administrators on the value of geospatial technologies.

With appropriations that often dwarf other local government department operating budgets, human and social services include broad program areas such as, but not limited to, the following: public assistance, welfare, special needs, disability programs, housing and homeless services, child protection services and just as important, the many contracted services governments use to assist in administering programs.

This presentation will provide an overview of ongoing discussions and work with Westchester County GIS towards building GIS/geospatial in human and social services program areas. While government human and social service programs may be phenomenally different in structure and administration across New England, many of the issues and potential GIS/geospatial solutions are conceptually similar.

Techniques for Leveraging Survey123 as a Mobile Data Collection Platform
Larry Spraker
VHB

Survey123 is a powerful, form‐centric, mobile data collection application which is completely integrated with ArcGIS Online. This presentation will review a variety of techniques for leveraging Survey123 in the field, as well as several system architectures and workflow strategies for accessing, reviewing and processing the survey data in the back office.

Best Practices Considerations for the User Experience (UX) of Your Web Applications
Michael Funaro
Latitude Geographics

Web GIS is becoming a significant new pattern for organizations to distribute access to business information and business systems. This means that there are often many, many applications deployed across the enterprise that enable your workforce’s daily business. But how do you ensure that your applications offer the best experience and are easily adopted? In this session, we’ll discuss some best practices to consider when building and deploying web applications for your organization. We will talk about User Experience (UX), User Interfaces, and some common pitfalls, and demonstrate some high-quality examples.

Analysis with ArcGIS Online
Krithica Kantharaj
Esri

ArcGIS Online is a web-based GIS, hosted by Esri and delivered as SaaS (software-as-a-service). With ArcGIS Online, organizations can get up and running quickly, and securely create, organize, and manage geographic information in one system. It connects users in your organization with up-to-date content including ready-to-use apps, maps, 3D scenes, and layers so they can build useful information products and accomplish their work more efficiently.

ArcGIS Online provides Spatial Analysis tools that can analyze and measure geographic relationships to start turning that map into information by finding patterns, assessing trends, or making decisions.

In this workshop, get an overview of the spatial analysis capabilities of ArcGIS Online. Learn about the benefits these analysis tools have to offer and how to get started.

✧ 3:30 PM
The Evolving Facilities GIS at the National Institutes of Health
Stu Rich
PenBay Solutions

The National Institutes of Health (NIH) maintains several campuses around the country. These campuses support some of the most advanced bio-medical research in the world. The large and complex campuses have all the infrastructure and facilities elements you would expect from a small city. Their Facilities GIS has grown over the years to include tree inventory, storage tanks, many utilities layers, space and occupancy, environmental health and safety including asbestos remediation, and many other layers. Stu Rich will describe the history of their Facilities GIS, the value it is delivering to NIH and their future road map.

Using Asset Management and GIS to Fast Track Response to PFOA Contamination of Private Wells
John Boisvert, Chief Engineer
Pennichuck Water
Bryson Koziell
CDMSmith

In March of 2016, Pennichuck was engaged by the NHDES to

assess options to extend its public water to 376 homes with wells

contaminated with perfluourooctanoic (PFOA) in the town of Litchfield, NH. Pennichuck was engaged and responsible party to prepare bid ready plans and specifications in 13 weeks for over 10 miles of water main and 400 customer services. Pennichuck leveraged information using GIS, GPS, mobile technologies, and other company resources developed through asset management to complete the work on time and under budget.

GoTime Mobile Application Development: A Solution for Accessible Real Time Travel Information
Mark
VHB

MassDOT’s Real-Time Traffic Management (RTTM) systems consists of over 700 miles of statewide highway and more than 137 signs displaying travel times to over 300 destinations. Close to 2.2 million motorists view the signs daily. MassDOT engaged VHB to design, develop, and deploy the GoTime mobile application to complement the ongoing roll-out of the RTTM system.

The GoTime mobile application enhances the RTTM’s information dissemination objectives by providing a modern, publicly accessible, mobile component to the RTTM system. By giving drivers a tool with which to make informed travel decisions, the GoTime mobile application supports MassDOT’s objective to create a cleaner, more efficient, and sustainable transportation system.

The project objective, as set forth by MassDOT, was to rapidly develop and deploy a visually appealing and easy-to-use mobile application (for both iOS and Android) showing the same real-time travel information displayed on the RTTM signs. GoTime provides a simple map-based interface that allows users to view the currently posted travel-time information for routes displayed on selected RTTM signs. Users can define, identify, and store favorite routes for rapid access prior to their travel.

The application uses static route data (link geometry) and dynamic travel time data, both provided via the freely available MassDOT RTTM application programming interface (API). Building against the API allowed the developers to create a solution that seamlessly integrates the state’s ongoing rollout of additional RTTM devices and related travel time data as it becomes available.

This presentation will overview the challenges and innovations behind this successful deployment.

✧ 4:00 PM
Using Hotspot Analysis to Assess the Risk of Child Maltreatment in Massachusetts
Yuan Li
Department of Urban and Environmental Policy and Planning, Tufts University
Rebecca C. Fauth
Jessica Goldberg
Eliot-Pearson Department of Child Study and Human Development, Tufts University
Sumeeta Srinivasan
Department of Urban and Environmental Policy and Planning, Tufts University
Thomas J. Stopka
Department of Public Health and Community Medicine, Tufts University School of Medicine

Child maltreatment is one of the most challenging public health issues facing families in Massachusetts, which has one of the highest child maltreatment rates nationally. As the Commonwealth’s leading family support organization, the Children’s Trust of Massachusetts (CT) works on preventing child abuse by supporting parents and strengthening families. CT is currently developing an expansion of their existing Family Centers, which are place-based, family-centered, multi-generational service hubs that provide universal access to families with young children, in the form of play groups, parenting education, care coordination, and support groups. The ambitious maltreatment prevention initiative would operate in 10-15 sites across the state, with the Family Centers serving as the focal points. Prior to any expansion, it is useful to document the geospatial distribution of child maltreatment risk across Massachusetts, and whether existing locations of Family Centers are effectively placed to maximize access to services among target populations that are most in need. Our study aimed to: 1) Identify the geospatial clusters of child maltreatment counts and rates at the zip code level for the entire state by conducting a 5-step hotspot analysis approach in a Geographic Information System (GIS); and 2) identify areas with a high child maltreatment risk but low access to existing Family Centers by measuring travel time through network analysis in GIS. Our findings will allow policymakers and the CT to better understand the landscape of child maltreatment risks in Massachusetts, and provide recommendations on the geographic and strategic placement of future Family Centers in Massachusetts to ensure prevention programs are best targeted to under-served areas with a high risk of child maltreatment.

Statewide Parcel Data in Vermont: It’s Finally Happening!
Leslie Pelch
VT Center for Geographic Information

Members of the Vermont GIS community have been actively talking about a coordinated, statewide, parcel data development project for almost 4 years. With direction and funding from the Agency of Transportation (and the Federal Highway Administration) and additional support from most state agencies and departments, the project is truly underway in 2017! Join us to learn a little more about the history and future of parcel mapping in the Green Mountain State.

Using Smart Phone Photos and a Cloud Storage for Rapid Data Collection and Further Integration with ArcGIS Online
Alexander Stepanov
Niels la Cour
UMass, Amherst

In this presentation we will discuss an approach to conduct a rapid data inventory using photos taken by smart phones, cloud storage (BOX) as a collaborative means to manage attribute information, and to integrate collected data with ArcGIS online. A key feature of this approach is that it’s scalable horizontally (easy to expand data collector team) and that BOX plays a role of image management system. Finally, BOX API and ArcGIS Online API are used via FME technology to integrate data. We also will discuss use of 360 images for data collection. We will use a case of campus signage inventory to demo this approach

4:30 – ? NEArc User Group Forum / Open Discussion / Poster Contest Winner Announcement
  Campus Center U-Pub (Second Floor)
All DayPosters
 
 Coordinator:
 
Posters: Ecosystems
Posters: Hydrology
Posters: Education
Posters: Social Services
 
Gis and Remote Sensing in Assessing Land Use Changes Due to Development in R. Njoro Ecosystem and the Effects to L. Nakuru
Moses Kamau Thiong’o
Kenyatta University

As it has been evidenced in the Njoro river ecosystem, that a lot of built up environment and land tilling has been on the rise thus causing degradation leading to implication in the waters of the river flowing to Lake Nakuru. According to Mainuri (2014), land degradation is a situation whereby the production capacity of an ecosystem like The Njoro declines. Land degradation is resulted by human induced activities like deforestation, poor farming practices and increased and uncontrolled industrial growth. On the Mouth where River Njoro/Ndarugu drains, there is the Lake. It is famous in Kenya and abroad.

Due to the degradation in one way or the other the water levels increase in the Lake and thus leading to fluctuation of the alkalinity levels. This imbalances created leads to poor conditions within which the blue green algal species (Arthrospira fusiformis) that is a major food source for flamingos (Ramsar, 2012). Images from google earth of the same place over a time series evidently show how various formerly virgin tracts of land have been turned into Agricultural land either through large and small scale where the latter is the dominant case.

Through classification of well georeferenced images using GIS and Landsat Images and calculation of the change which has been experienced over a series of time, a very striking percentage has occurred. This is an issue of concern in the way natural resources are being utilized. In the broader perspective, what is happening around the River’s buffer strip influences the Lake on the other end. Remote sensing has been used to clearly show the declining vegetation cover.

Watershed Impact Assessment of Proposed Dairy Farm Expansion
Alyssa Bueno
Skidmore College

The October 2016 proposal to expand Cranberry Creek Dairy’s Concentrated Animal Feeding Operation (CAFO) was met with a six-month moratorium to allow for public input and environmental assessments. Cranberry Creek Dairy is located in Dunn County, Wisconsin - an area surrounded by state public lands and waterways. The expansion would mean increasing the current operation from 1720 to 7150 dairy cows.

The purpose of this study is to use GIS applications to model nitrogen and phosphorus (P) transport within a watershed from non-point source pollution. Modeling nutrient loading is important toward understanding algal blooms in relation to the practice of manure spreading in CAFOs. Manured fields are found to contain several times more P than non-manured fields. The methods for this analysis are broken down into two main groups: 1) ArcMap work in isolating the spreading lands and 2) OpenNspect analysis. All of the data acquisition and manipulation for this project has been completed. For a more complete analysis, I am currently working with software developer Dave Eslinger from NOAA to work out some OpenNspect kinks. The expected results will include: accumulated runoff (L), accumulated nitrogen (kg), nitrogen concentration (mg/L), and accumulated sediment (kg). This project will have a larger implication on CAFOs throughout the state of Wisconsin to improve the DNR’s Nutrient Management Plan and increase regulations on wastewater outputs.

Historic Homestead Locations in Wilmington MA, 1775
Tony LaVerde
Town of Wilmington

Using data gathered by the Wilmington Historical Commission, this map depicts the known locations for homesteads of Wilmington families at the time of the American Revolution.

International Aid Projects Visualization and Analysis with Customized Thiessen Polygons
Yujie Wang
Clark University

This GIS project used a more complex algorithm of Thiessen polygons to analyze and visualize the complicated relationship between funding from various donor countries and spatial locations in any specific country using open data of international aid projects from AidData. Even through Thiessen polygons or Voronoi Polygons have been widely used for decades, there is not a tool solution in any publicly available GIS software to generate Thiessen polygons that are constrained by irregular boundaries. Using this customized algorithm of Thiessen polygons, this project took Timor-Leste, a country of South Asia, as an example to analyze and visualize funding distribution of various donors in this country. In addition, this project was purely developed with open source packages. Therefore, this presentation not only shows attendants this sophisticated Voronoi approach considering geospatial boundaries, but also demonstrates the capability of open source GIS to solve complicated problems. Besides introducing GIS contents, this presentation will also introduce three modes of visualizing funding distribution of international aids in order to remind attendants that the designs of GIS applications need to consider audience’s different assumptions on data.

 
UAV Imagery Processing Effects on NDVI Values at Different Spatial Resolutions
Darcy Boellstorff
Ninoska Herrera
Bridgewater State University

Orthophotos created from UAV images collected during the 2016 growing season in southeastern Nebraska were developed using Esri’s Drone2Map software using GSD values of 7, 14, 21, and 28 cm. The objectives of the study are to 1) test whether modifying GSD during orthophoto construction has a varying effect on band statistics according to imagery date (crop greenness) or 2) landscape position. A third objective 3) is to determine if nearest neighbor resampling of digital numbers (to 7, 14, 21 and 28 cm) using an input orthophoto constructed using base imagery GSD resolution of 7 cm differed from orthophotos originally constructed at corresponding GSD resolutions.

Satellite-derived Areal Metrics and Improved Mapping of Coastal Wetlands
Adam Laybourn
Stephanie Weber
Battelle

Traditionally, the mapping of wetlands around the Great Lakes has been labor intensive, entailing in-field observations and sampling. Remotely sensed imagery can expedite efforts to identify and map vegetation types associated with Great Lakes coastal wetlands. This is greatly needed to inform current federal and state efforts to affect specific areas of coastal wetlands. USEPA’s Great Lakes Restoration Initiative’s (GLRI) Five Year Action Plan (September 2014) includes, as a measure of progress: “number of acres of Great Lakes coastal wetlands, protected, restored, and enhanced by GLRI-funded projects.” This project’s goal was to develop a semi-automated approach to use the most up-to-date satellite data in conjunction with other supporting information to analyze the areal extent of Great Lakes coastal wetlands.

4-H Geospatial: Youth/Adult Partnership
Kim Pond
Linda Horn
UMass Extension

Establishing a Career Readiness Pathway in Geospatial Technology.

Join 4-H in a partnership to bring geospatial technology to youth by mentoring them in community mapping, teaching them skills or sharing career options and pathways. Stop by and find out how you can spend a few hours presenting, mentoring a group doing a community mapping project or leading a short-term afterschool program at a local school, community or 4-H club.

Your talents combined with the resources of 4-H can making a lasting impact.

A Retrospective Analysis of the Effect of Proximity to Major Roadway on Lung Function Post-Lung Transplant
Jennifer Gaudreau
Dr. Krystal Pollitt
University of Massachusetts Amherst

Traffic related air pollution (TRAP) has contributed to increased rates of morbidity and mortality in a number of populations. Many studies have reported an association between TRAP and a variety of illnesses including chronic lung allograph dysfunction (CLAD), bronchitis obliterans syndrome (BOS), respiratory diseases and cancer. Lung transplant recipients are a vulnerable population with increased risk of developing CLAD or BOS post-transplant. Forced expiratory volume in one second (FEV1) is a proxy for lung function. The objective of this study is to evaluate the association between proximity to major roadway from place of residence and the outcome of FEV1. 825 lung transplant patients were obtained from Toronto General Hospital between 2002 and 2012. Geographical coding was performed for 517 patients who lived in South Ontario Canada using ArcGIS 10.2. Excluding ex vivo perfusion and unilateral transplant recipients, 364 bilateral lung transplant patients were followed one year post-transplant. Cox proportional hazards models were used to evaluate the association between total major road length and FEV1 outcomes with SAS 9.4 statistical software. Covariates included diagnosis disease, acute rejection within 6 months, azithromycin use, cytomegalovirus mismatch status and predicted lung capacity. Proximity to major road was evaluated continuously and categorically with use of buffer sizes surrounding patient residence. Patients were categorized and 73, 91, 88 and 57 patients had maximum total major road length density (TMRLD) within buffer 100m, 100-300m, 300-700m and 700-1000m respectively. The adjusted HR for percent predicted maximum FEV1 for patients with maximum TMRLD 100m was 1.457 (p-value 0.045).

 
Ash Tree’s Illustrated at SUNY Potsdam to Prepare for the Emerald Ash Borer
Matthew King
Isaac Auslander
Cayden Snow
SUNY Potsdam Student

The Emerald Ash Borer (EAB) has continued to pose a significant risk as an invasive species to any ash tree population it meets. With the city of Syracuse, N.Y. experiencing the devastation associated with this invasive species, the EAB is now close enough to St. Lawrence County, N.Y. and poses a risk to the resident ash species. The goal of our research project was to identify ash trees that would pose a threat to the campus community if they became infected and fell on the campus of SUNY Potsdam, N.Y.

Using Collector for ArcMap, we collected ash tree locations on foot and saved them to a map created on ArcGIS Online to georeference ash trees to paths and roadways around campus. Categorizing the trees into three categories by visible damage, we could mark the trees with the highest risk to an EAB infestation.

Having tree data from 2005 showing 1052 total trees on campus, we compared the ash trees in our recent data collection to show the percentage of ash population. We found 110 ash trees present, which represents 10.46% of the tree population. Of the 110 ash trees annotated, we found 17 of them to be within proximity of pedestrian walkways or campus roads. These 17 trees will need increased supervision and possibly removal soon, in order to reduce the risk to the student population. Continually updating the tree database on campus will allow for more accurate data analysis needed for proper identification of at risk areas.

Geospatial Analyses of Agricultural Runoff and Water Resources in New York State
Jackson Dunn
Katherine Meierdiercks
Siena College

Water quality in New York State is dependent upon many factors, including pesticide and fertilizer use in agricultural areas. This agricultural pollution is often difficult to source, but can have far-reaching consequences, as the runoff from these agricultural establishments is washed into waterbodies. This project uses GIS methodology to determine the most likely flow pathways for such pollution, and combines known pollution hotspots in New York with rainfall data to create likely runoff models. This project will increase our understanding of the way in which agricultural pollution is disseminated into the environment.